13 March 2023
A new Scientific Publication has been approved and published on Science Direct and was written by GIOTTO’s Project Coordinator and partners.
The article is entitled “A computational analysis of a novel therapeutic approach combining an advanced medicinal therapeutic device and a fracture fixation assembly for the treatment of osteoporotic fractures: Effects of physiological loading, interface conditions, and fracture fixation materials”
The occurrence of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) has increased in people with osteoporosis due to decreased bone density, poor bone quality, and stress shielding from prosthetic implants. PFF treatment in the elderly is a genuine concern for orthopaedic surgeons as no effective solution currently exists. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine whether the design of a novel advanced medicinal therapeutic device (AMTD) manufactured from a polymeric blend in combination with a fracture fixation plate in the femur is capable of withstanding physiological loads without failure during the bone regenerative process. This was achieved by developing a finite element (FE) model of the AMTD together with a fracture fixation assembly, and a femur with an implanted femoral stem. The response of both normal and osteoporotic bone was investigated by implementing their respective material properties in the model. Physiological loading simulating the peak load during standing, walking, and stair climbing was investigated. The results showed that the fixation assembly was the prime load bearing component for this configuration of devices. Within the fixation assembly, the bone screws were found to have the highest stresses in the fixation assembly for all the loading conditions. Whereas the stresses within the AMTD were significantly below the maximum yield strength of the device’s polymeric blend material. Furthermore, this study also investigated the performance of different fixation assembly materials and found Ti-6Al-4V to be the optimal material choice from those included in this study.
Authors: Subrata Mondal, David B.MacManus, Amedeo Franco Bonatti, Carmelo De Maria, Kenny Dalgarno, Maria Chatzinikolaidou, Aurora De Acutis, Giovanni Vozzi, Sonia Fiorilli, Chiara Vitale-Brovarone and Nicholas Dunne.